Software Development in Python vs Javascript

Software Development in Python vs Javascript

January 22, 2019 0 By Ideaction
Reading Time: 3 minutes

When a project starts, before the development commences, it’s important to pick the programming language. For web apps and websites the choice is usually Python and Javascript. Both are highly popular these days given the latest trends in software development. So let’s take a look at each, see how they compare to each other.

The choice of programming language might seem easy, but it’s actually more complex. The assigned project manager assesses the client’s needs and makes the decision. For example, a database will require SQL, while for automation developers employ Python or Ruby. If the website needs some animation, then CSS and Javascript are usually among the choices. And so on.

What Do You Need To Know About Javascript?

In brief, Javascript is responsible for most stuff you see online. It represents one of the cornerstones of the World Wide Web and has a number of advantages when it comes to building websites.

computer code, JavaScript

Javascript is an event-driven language, which means that the website or application follows users’ events such as clicks, messages, or sensor outputs. It’s also functional, i.e. developers use composing pure functions to create software. Functional programming also avoids shared state, mutable data, and side-effects.

In addition, Javascript uses the imperative programming style. It means that it uses statements to change a program’s state. In imperative programming, the program tells the computer how to do certain actions. The opposite is declarative programming, which describes what a computer should do.

What About Python?

Similar to JavaScript, Python is an interpreted language, which means that most instructions can be executed directly and freely and don’t require to be compiled. Python is also a general-purpose language that works for a variety of applications.

computer code, python

Also like JavaScript, Python uses an object-oriented paradigm. “Objects” can represent combinations of variables, functions, and data structures. The advantage of the object-oriented paradigm is that data is grouped into classes. This allows parts of the program to access only specific data classes and not others. In this way, object-oriented programming allows for better security and prevents against accidental data corruption.

Other paradigms that Python supports include object-oriented, functional, and procedural programming.

All these features, as well as the fact that it’s very easy to learn and use, make Python one of the most popular programming language these days.

So What’s The Difference Between Them?

JavaScript and Python both share similarities and employ many of the same programming paradigms. But how are they different? There are a number of things to consider.

Python provides developers with a huge standard library, while JavaScript’s library is more limited. The standard library includes tools and that developers can use when they want to build a program.

For Python, developers need to install software to write code, whereas JavaScript developers use a simple text editor (like the Notepad) and a browser.

In addition, Python is very easy to learn. This makes it very suitable for unexperienced developers and people that want to get into programming. By comparison, JavaScript is much more difficult to learn.

One Thing To Keep In Mind

If you are not a programmer, or don’t want to get into all the technicals details about JavaScript or Python, there is one thing that you should know. Python covers mostly for back-end or server-side development. It can also write programs for data analytics and machine learning.

On the other hand, JavaScript is mostly used for frontend and user experience. However, there is also Node.js, which is a programming environment that allows writing JavaScript code for the back-end as well.

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